The Fir is a coniferous evergreen belonging to the Family Pinaceae. Within the family are about 45 - 55 different species, found throughout numerous regions of the world, including North and Central America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. They can be distinguished from other evergreens by their needle-like leaves that attach to the twig by a base that resembles a small suction cup, and can mature to heights of 30 – 260 feet (10 - 80 meters).
Due to their aromatic foliage and their strong needle retention, many species of Firs are used as Christmas Trees. Unlike the Spruce and Pine, the wood of the Fir is not suitable for timber use and is often used as pulp for plywood or for rough timber. While they are not generally as popular in the horticultural industry as the Spruce, they are still considered a decorative garden tree.